Biological MacromoleculesSee if you can recorgnize these types of macromolecules by their structure (answers at the end of this little section.)
1- A carbohydrate. Usually in rings like this (all corners of the ring represent a Carbon atom), with Oxygen and Hydrogen.
2- An amino acid/ protein. The dead giveaway is the Nitrogen in it. Carbs and lipids don't have Nitrogen in them.
3- A lipid/ triglyceride. The saturated hydrocarbon tails - 3 of them - are the clue here.
4- Protein (tertiary structure). It's all folder over on itself.
(Note: examples of nucleic acids and more examples of each kind immediately follow)
Storage in animals: glycogen
Highly branched. Can contain 30,000 individual glucose units! (Click on source to see on a white background)
Storage in plants: Starch
|Amylopectin - branched starch (Source)|