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Marie Curie was also denied a seat on the French Academy of Sciences in 1911. She responded to this by diving into her work and earning her second Nobel Prize a year later for her work with radioactivity. (There is a measurement of the effects of radiation named after her, the Curie, abbreviated Ci.) Go to this source for a full article about this story.
Here's a real photograph of her.
You can read a short biography on the Nobel Prize website